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Leonidas Donskis

ISM University of Management and Economics, Lithuania, Email:



This paper is based on the presentation made at the Fifth international conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania A piece of culture, a culture of peace, re-imaging European communities in the North Sea, Baltic Sea and Black Sea regions, hosted by Valahia University of Târgoviște and the Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies, August 17-19, 2014. Supported by EEA Grants, contract no 4/22.07.2014.



The issue of war and peace in Eastern Europe is discussed in this interpretive essay on the grounds of war between Russia and Ukraine in Eastern Ukraine. Focus is on what happened to the worlds of geopolitics, EU core values, European liberal consensus on human rights and civil liberties, and present Russia with its increasing rejection of the aforementioned liberal attitudes and democratic values. Made up by a series of insights into the clashes of Russian and EU politics, this essay offers a philosophical perspective on why and how ongoing low intensity conflicts waged and orchestrated by Russia in Ukraine and in Eastern Partnership countries substantially changed the character of war and peace over the past years. The question raised here is as to what kind of political implications we can expect from this process. The trajectories of moral and political consciousness in present Russia and the EU are examined and compared with the help of an overview of some recent political and cultural events.



Problematica războiului ?i a păcii este discutatăîn acest eseu de interpretare pe fondul războiului dintre Rusia ?i Ucraina din răsăritul ultimei ?ări. Materialul se concentrează asupra a aceea ce s-a întâmplat în termeni de geopolitică, valori fundamentale ale U.E., consens liberal în privin?a drepturilor omului ?i libertă?ilor civice, ?i Rusia actuală, care respinge tot mai mult aceste atitudini ?i valori democratice. Elaborat sub forma unor analize asupra ciocnirilor dintre politicile ruse?ti ?i cele ale U.E., eseul oferă o perspectivă filosofică asupra motivelor ?i a modului în care conflictele de intensitate scăzută conduse ?i orchestrate de Rusia în Ucraina ?i în ?ările Parteneriatului Estic au schimbat substan?ial caracterul războiului ?i al păcii în ultimii ani. Chestiunea pe care o ridicăm prive?te implica?iile politice pe care le putem a?tepta de la acest proces. Traiectoriile con?tiin?ei morale ?i politice din Rusia actuală ?i din U.E. sunt examinate ?i comparate printr-o trecere în revistă a celor mai recente evenimente politice ?i culturale.


Keywords: evil (Devil), fascism, guilt, insensitivity, peace, war


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