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THE NOBEL PEACE PRIZE FROM A ROMANIAN PERSPECTIVE – THE INTERWAR PERIOD

 

Vasilica Sirbu

 

University of Oslo, E-mail address: vasilics@student.ilos.uio.no

 

Abstract:

The Nobel Prizes are widely regarded as the ultimate achievement by researchers, writers and politicians. Due to its uniqueness and the values it stands for, the Nobel Peace Prize seems increasingly important in the modern world. To this point, no Romanian citizen was awarded this prize, but how many of them were nominated and how close were those nominated to winning this prize? Based on the archives of the Nobel Institute, this paper presents the Romanian nominees during the interwar period, their image and their activity as it appears in the nomination letters. The documents show that the name of some Romanians appears in the letters of nomination for the Nobel Peace Prize, their works and ideas being of a real interest. Those who nominated them tried to influence the decisions of the Nobel Committee in favor of their candidate. The results were not positive, but Romanians, the nominees as the nominators, were among those keeping pace with the events, the politics and the peace movements in Europe during a troubled time.

 

Rezumat:

Premiile Nobel sunt considerate astazi ca cea mai importanta realizare de catre cercetatori, scriitori si politicieni. Datorita unicitatii sale si a valorilor pe care le reprezinta, Premiul Nobel pentru Pace a devenit mai rāvnit decāt oricare altul īn lumea contemporana. Prin urmare, este important sa se stie cāt de generos a fost acest premiu, sau mai degraba Comitetul Nobel, cu reprezentantii unor natiuni sau cāt de aproape de cāstigarea acestui premiului au fost altii. Avānd ca punct de plecare arhivele Institutului Nobel, aceasta lucrare prezinta candidatii romāni la Premiul Nobel pentru Pace din perioada interbelica, munca si imaginea lor asa cum apar acestea īn scrisorile de nominalizare. Documentele demonstreaza ca romānii au fost prezenti īn scrisorile de nominalizare pentru Premiul Nobel pentru Pace, operele lor si ideile lor fiind de un real interes. De asemenea, cei care i-au nominalizat, au īncercat sa influenteze īntr-un mod convingator deciziile Comitetului Nobel īn favoarea candidatului propus. Rezultatele nu au fost īntotdeauna cele asteptate, dar romānii, atāt candidatii cāt si cei care i-au propus, au fost printre cei ce au tinut pasul cu evenimentele, cu politica timpului si cu miscarile pentru pace īntr-o perioada tulbure din istoria Europei.

 

Keywords: Nobel Peace Prize; Romanians; nominations; Nobel Committee


08.Sirbu.pdf

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