THE LITTLE ENTENTE AND ROMANIA FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF LITHUANIAN DIPLOMACY IN THE 1930s
Vilnius University, Faculty of History, E-mail: Dalia.Bukeleviciute@if.vu.lt
This paper has been presented at the Second International Conference on Nordic and Baltic Studies in Romania:Black Sea and Baltic Sea Regions: Confluences, influences and crosscurrents in the modern and contemporary ages hosted by the Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies, Târgoviste, May 20-22, 2011 and is prepared as part of postdoctoral fellowship research funded by European Union Structural Funds project entitled ”Postdoctoral Fellowship Implementation in Lithuania”.
The first diplomatic contacts between Lithuanian and Romanian representatives started in the aftermath of World War I when Lithuania was looking for the protection of her inhabitants who were still refugees in Russia. As Russia became entrenched with Bolshevism and Civil War, the Lithuanian citizens were evacuated through Romanian territory from South Ukraine and Crimea. Lithuania and Czechoslovakia established diplomatic relations in December 1919 and eventually an attempt was made to set up ties also with Romania. As a member of the Little Entente and an ally of Poland, Romania attracted the attention of the Lithuanian government. Romania recognized Lithuania de jure on August 21, 1924 and Dovas Zaunius was appointed as the first Lithuanian envoy to Bucharest. Nevertheless, during the next decade no political or diplomatic contacts between Lithuania and Romania were recorded. With the growing influence of Germany, the Soviet Union and the Little Entente on the international arena, Edvardas Turauskas was appointed on August 27, 1935 as envoy to Romania residing in Prague and later in the year Romania accredited Constantin Vallimarescu for the position of envoy to Lithuania residing in Riga. The dialogue between the two parties remained, however, occasional. When on July 21, 1940 Lithuania was occupied by Soviet Union, Turauskas visited the Romanian Legation in Bern and presented a note of protest in this respect. Romania did not acknowledge Lithuanian occupation and annexation.
Primele contacte între reprezentantii români si lituanieni au început dupa primul razboi mondial, atunci când Lituania cauta sa asigure protectia locuitorilor sai, care erau înca refugiati în Rusia. Cum în Rusia a preluat puterea bolsevismul, cetatenii lituanieni au fost evacuati pe teritoriul românesc din Ucraina de Sud si Crimeea. Lituania si Cehoslovacia au stabilit relatii diplomatice în decembrie 1919 si în cele din urma s-a facut o încercare de a crea, de asemenea, legaturi cu România. Ca membru al Micii Întelegeri si aliat al Poloniei, România a captat atentia guvernului lituanian. România a recunoscut de jure Lituania la 21 august 1924 si Dovas Zaunius a fost desemnat ca primul reprezentant lituanian la Bucuresti. Cu toate acestea, în cursul urmatorului deceniu nu au existat contacte politice sau diplomatice între Lituania si România. Odata cu cresterea influentei Germaniei, a Uniunii Sovietice si a Micii Întelegeri pe arena internationala, Edvardas Turauskas a fost numit, la 27 august 1935, ministru în România cu resedinta la Praga si, mai târziu, în cursul aceluiasi an, România l-a acreditat pe Constantin Vallimarescu în pozitia de ministru în Lituania cu resedinta în Riga. Dialogul între cele doua parti a ramas, totusi, ocazional. Atunci când la 21 iulie 1940 Lituania a fost ocupata de Uniunea Sovietica, Turauskas a vizitat Legatia Româna din Berna si a prezentat o nota de protest în acest sens. România nu a recunoscut ocuparea si anexarea Lituaniei.
Keywords: Romania; Lithuania; Prague; diplomatic relations; 1930s; Little Entente; Baltic Entente
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Vol. 7, issue 2 of The Romanian Journal of Baltic and Nordic Studies has been published online. Please, access it free of charge here
INTENSIVE LITHUANIAN LANGUAGE SUMMER COURSE
Starting: in groups: from 1st to 13th of August. Individually courses are held all summer.
Duration of the course: The Course runs for 4-6 academic hours per day, with Language practice for 44 hours and Lithuanian history, literature and ethnology for 6 hours.
Languages of instruction: English, Russian, French, Italian, Lithuanian.
Place: in the center of Vilnius – Gediminas ave. 26.
Certification: students will receive a Lithuanian language Summer Course Certificate.
Separate groups for beginner, intermediate, and advanced students are planned.
During the courses various cultural program are planned: excursions in Lithuania, degustation of traditional Lithuanian dishes, ethno cultural events, visiting some museums, creative workshops with famous Lithuanian artists.
More information: http://lingualit.lt/…/lithuani…/intensyvus-vasaros-kursai-1/
LITHUANIAN LANGUAGE SUMMER COURSE FOR CHILDREN
Time: 1-12 of August, in groups. All summer indivual courses takes place.
Starting: in group on August 1-12. Individual courses are held all summer.
Duration: 20 acad. hours (10 days, 2 acad. hours per day).
Explaining languages: English, Russian, Lithuanian.
Place: Gediminas ave. 26, Vilnius.
Certificate: at the end of the course every participant will get the LINGUA LITUANICA certificate.
Classes take place in small groups.
On Saturdays it is possible to go to excursions with parents.
More information: http://lingualit.lt/…/lithuanian-language…/kursai-vaikams-1/
Registration to the courses: you can register to the courses by the internet, email: firstname.lastname@example.org or directly coming to the institute Gediminas ave. 26, Vilnius.
7 octombrie 2015
A aparut Norsk-Rumensk ordbok. Dictionar norvegian-roman, vol. 1, autori Arno Halvorsen si Crina Leon. Acesta poate fi consultat la biblioteca online a Asociatiei Romane pentru Studii Baltice si Nordice.
Dictionar norvegian roman vol 1