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THE COST OF TRANSITION FROM MARKET TO COMMAND ECONOMY: THE CASE OF ESTONIA

 

 

Olaf Mertelsmann

 

Tartu University, E-mail: omertelsmann@yahoo.co.uk

 

An earlier version of this paper has been presented at the XIVth International Economic History Congress in Helsinki  2006

 

Abstract:

While the post-socialist transition of central and eastern European economies has produced a large amount of research, the transition to the command economy has been explored mainly in the cases of Russia and East Germany. This paper is an updated summary of the results of a larger research project which is dedicated to the Stalinist reconstruction of Estonia’s economy and the postwar years. It is based mainly on archival research in Estonian and Russian archives using documents of the state and the Communist Party.

 

Rezumat:

Studiile stiintifice au abordat adesea subiectul tranzitiei economice post-socialiste în cazul tarilor central si est-europene. Rareori a fost tratata însa tema tranzitiei de la economia de piata la economia de comanda, dupa intrarea acestor tari în sfera de interes a Uniunii Sovietice. Studiile care exista în acest domeniu se concentreaza mai ales asupra cazului Rusiei sau al Germaniei de Est. Acest articol îmbogateste tocmai aceasta arie de cercetare, tratând subiectul tranzitiei de la economia de piata la economia de comanda în cazul Estoniei, fenomen care s-a produs în perioada 1940-1941, respectiv 1944-1955. Lucrarea se constituie în mare masura din concluziile aduse la zi ale unui vast proiect de cercetare dedicat reconstruirii staliniste a Estoniei în anii postbelici. Sursele de documentare au fost constituite în principal de documente din arhivele de stat si partid estoniene si rusesti, precum si de statisticile sovietice. Acest studiu arata ca trecere la economia de comanda a produs o serie întreaga de efecte negative asupra economiei estoniene, atât pe termen scurt, cât si pe termen lung. Pe termen scurt a întârziat recuperarea tarii de pe urma razboiului si a produs scaderea nivelului de trai, crescând considerabil rata mortalitatii. Pe termen lung a împiedicat dezvoltarea economica ulterioara a Estoniei, care dupa razboi a fost depasita de multe tari care în perioada interbelica se aflasera în urma sa din punct de vedere economic (Spania, Grecia, Portugalia). Abia dupa recâstigarea independentei în 1991, Estonia a putut continua recuperarea întârzierilor, dupa o a doua tranzitie post-stalinista, recupareare care înca nu s-a încheiat. Este dificil de estimat când anume Estonia va atinge media dezvoltarii economice din UE. Cert este însa ca daca Estonia este astazi din punct de vedere economic sub aceasta media, faptul este într-o mare masura datorat economiei de comanda din perioada sovietica.         

 

 

Keywords: Estonia; transition; market economy; command economy

 


 04.Martelsmann.pdf

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Seventh annual international conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania. Good governance in Romania and the Nordic and Baltic countries

Nicolae Iorga Institute of History of the Romanian Academy, Romania
November 24-25, 2016

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Vol. 7, issue 2 of The Romanian Journal of Baltic and Nordic Studies has been published online. Please, access it free of charge here


10.03.2016

INTENSIVE LITHUANIAN LANGUAGE SUMMER COURSE
Starting: in groups: from 1st to 13th of August. Individually courses are held all summer.
Duration of the course: The Course runs for 4-6 academic hours per day, with Language practice for 44 hours and Lithuanian history, literature and ethnology for 6 hours.
Languages of instruction: English, Russian, French, Italian, Lithuanian.
Place: in the center of Vilnius – Gediminas ave. 26.
Certification: students will receive a Lithuanian language Summer Course Certificate.
Separate groups for beginner, intermediate, and advanced students are planned.
During the courses various cultural program are planned: excursions in Lithuania, degustation of traditional Lithuanian dishes, ethno cultural events, visiting some museums, creative workshops with famous Lithuanian artists.
More information: http://lingualit.lt/…/lithuani…/intensyvus-vasaros-kursai-1/
LITHUANIAN LANGUAGE SUMMER COURSE FOR CHILDREN
Time: 1-12 of August, in groups. All summer indivual courses takes place.
Starting: in group on August 1-12. Individual courses are held all summer.
Duration: 20 acad. hours (10 days, 2 acad. hours per day).
Explaining languages: English, Russian, Lithuanian.
Place: Gediminas ave. 26, Vilnius.
Certificate: at the end of the course every participant will get the LINGUA LITUANICA certificate.
Classes take place in small groups.
On Saturdays it is possible to go to excursions with parents.
More information: http://lingualit.lt/…/lithuanian-language…/kursai-vaikams-1/
Registration to the courses: you can register to the courses by the internet, email: info@lingualit.lt or directly coming to the institute Gediminas ave. 26, Vilnius.

7 octombrie 2015

A aparut Norsk-Rumensk ordbok. Dictionar norvegian-roman, vol. 1, autori Arno Halvorsen si Crina Leon. Acesta poate fi consultat la biblioteca online a Asociatiei Romane pentru Studii Baltice si Nordice.

Dictionar norvegian roman vol 1