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Pre-World war II Romania from Latvian Perspective: An Envoy's viewS


Eriks Jekabsons


University of Latvia, E-mail:




The paper approaches the working environment and observations of Latvian envoy Ludvigs Ekis in Romania from the autumn of 1939 when the Latvian Legation was opened in Bucharest until the summer of 1940 when the State of Latvia was liquidated. The main focus is on the Latvian-Romanian relations in this period of time, the Romanian  foreign and economical policy and the reaction of Romanian statesmen and society to the events and processes of the first stage of World War: the policy of Soviet Union, Germany and Hungary, the Soviet-Finnish War and other conflicts in region and in Europe. The article is based on the materials stored in the State Archives of Latvia and particularly on Ludvigs Ekis’ reports. In a time when war was raging in Europe, Romania, too, was subject to considerable international pressure. Some similarities can be detected between the developments in this region and in the Baltic States.



Lucrarea abordeaza mediul de lucru si observatiile ministrului leton în România Ludvigs Ekis începând din toamna anului 1939, cand Legatia letona a fost deschisa la Bucuresti, pâna în vara anului 1940, când statul leton a fost lichidat. Lucrarea se va concentra în principal asupra relatiilor letono-române în aceasta perioada de timp, asupra politicii externe si a celei economice, a reactiei oamenilor de stat si a societatii românesti fata de evenimente si procese desfasurate în prima etapa a primului razboi mondial: politicile Uniunii Sovietice, Germaniei si Ungariei, Razboiul sovieto-finlandez si alte conflicte regionale si europene. Articolul se bazeaza pe materiale pastrate în arhivele de stat din Letonia si în special pe rapoartele lui Ludvigs Ekis. Într-un moment în care razboiul facea ravagii în Europa, România a fost, de asemenea, supusa unor presiuni internationale considerabile. Unele similitudini pot fi detectate între evolutiile din aceasta regiune si cele din Statele Baltice.


Keywords: Latvia, Romania, World War II, international relations, Ludvigs Ekis

11. Jekabsons.pdf

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Seventh annual international conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania. Good governance in Romania and the Nordic and Baltic countries

Nicolae Iorga Institute of History of the Romanian Academy, Romania
November 24-25, 2016

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Vol. 7, issue 2 of The Romanian Journal of Baltic and Nordic Studies has been published online. Please, access it free of charge here


Starting: in groups: from 1st to 13th of August. Individually courses are held all summer.
Duration of the course: The Course runs for 4-6 academic hours per day, with Language practice for 44 hours and Lithuanian history, literature and ethnology for 6 hours.
Languages of instruction: English, Russian, French, Italian, Lithuanian.
Place: in the center of Vilnius – Gediminas ave. 26.
Certification: students will receive a Lithuanian language Summer Course Certificate.
Separate groups for beginner, intermediate, and advanced students are planned.
During the courses various cultural program are planned: excursions in Lithuania, degustation of traditional Lithuanian dishes, ethno cultural events, visiting some museums, creative workshops with famous Lithuanian artists.
More information:…/lithuani…/intensyvus-vasaros-kursai-1/
Time: 1-12 of August, in groups. All summer indivual courses takes place.
Starting: in group on August 1-12. Individual courses are held all summer.
Duration: 20 acad. hours (10 days, 2 acad. hours per day).
Explaining languages: English, Russian, Lithuanian.
Place: Gediminas ave. 26, Vilnius.
Certificate: at the end of the course every participant will get the LINGUA LITUANICA certificate.
Classes take place in small groups.
On Saturdays it is possible to go to excursions with parents.
More information:…/lithuanian-language…/kursai-vaikams-1/
Registration to the courses: you can register to the courses by the internet, email: or directly coming to the institute Gediminas ave. 26, Vilnius.

7 octombrie 2015

A aparut Norsk-Rumensk ordbok. Dictionar norvegian-roman, vol. 1, autori Arno Halvorsen si Crina Leon. Acesta poate fi consultat la biblioteca online a Asociatiei Romane pentru Studii Baltice si Nordice.

Dictionar norvegian roman vol 1