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Pre-World war II Romania from Latvian Perspective: An Envoy's viewS

 

Eriks Jekabsons

 

University of Latvia, E-mail: eriksj@lu.lv

 

 

Abstract:

The paper approaches the working environment and observations of Latvian envoy Ludvigs Ekis in Romania from the autumn of 1939 when the Latvian Legation was opened in Bucharest until the summer of 1940 when the State of Latvia was liquidated. The main focus is on the Latvian-Romanian relations in this period of time, the Romanian  foreign and economical policy and the reaction of Romanian statesmen and society to the events and processes of the first stage of World War: the policy of Soviet Union, Germany and Hungary, the Soviet-Finnish War and other conflicts in region and in Europe. The article is based on the materials stored in the State Archives of Latvia and particularly on Ludvigs Ekis’ reports. In a time when war was raging in Europe, Romania, too, was subject to considerable international pressure. Some similarities can be detected between the developments in this region and in the Baltic States.

 

Rezumat:

Lucrarea abordeaza mediul de lucru si observatiile ministrului leton în România Ludvigs Ekis începând din toamna anului 1939, cand Legatia letona a fost deschisa la Bucuresti, pâna în vara anului 1940, când statul leton a fost lichidat. Lucrarea se va concentra în principal asupra relatiilor letono-române în aceasta perioada de timp, asupra politicii externe si a celei economice, a reactiei oamenilor de stat si a societatii românesti fata de evenimente si procese desfasurate în prima etapa a primului razboi mondial: politicile Uniunii Sovietice, Germaniei si Ungariei, Razboiul sovieto-finlandez si alte conflicte regionale si europene. Articolul se bazeaza pe materiale pastrate în arhivele de stat din Letonia si în special pe rapoartele lui Ludvigs Ekis. Într-un moment în care razboiul facea ravagii în Europa, România a fost, de asemenea, supusa unor presiuni internationale considerabile. Unele similitudini pot fi detectate între evolutiile din aceasta regiune si cele din Statele Baltice.

 

Keywords: Latvia, Romania, World War II, international relations, Ludvigs Ekis


11. Jekabsons.pdf

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