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Volume 7, Issue 2 (2015)






Adél Furu

Babe?-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, E-mail:



This paper is based on the presentation made at the Fifth international conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania A piece of culture, a culture of peace, re-imaging European communities in the North Sea, Baltic Sea and Black Sea regions, hosted by Valahia University of Târgoviște and the Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies, August 17-19, 2014. Supported by EEA Grants, contract no 4/22.07.2014.



This paper centres on the ethnic relations in Finland and Turkey, approaching the Black Sea region from a larger geographical and cultural perspective. I will examine how the governments of these two multicultural societies maintain good relations with their linguistic and cultural minorities. Through this paper I point out how close cultural relations with the Sami people maintain the peace in Finland. Peace in this area is implemented through culture and education. I will describe how Finland is involved in the implementation of educational programmes for the Sami and how it aims at acquainting the Finnish majority with various aspects of Sami cultural traditions. Moreover, the dialogue between these two cultures plays an important role in eliminating the prejudice that has stirred up conflicts for so many decades. Since the problem of the Kurdish people in Turkey is not only a problem within the borders, but also an international problem, in this paper I look at the ways in which the aspirations of the Kurds in Turkey have an impact on cross-border minority aspirations as well. Therefore, Turkey is expected to embrace a liberal legal approach and should put emphasis on the liberalization of minority politics.



În această lucrare ne îndreptăm atenția asupra relațiilor etnice din Finlanda și Turcia. Voi examina modul în care guvernele acestor două societăți multiculturale mențin relații bune cu minoritățile lor lingvistice și culturale. Relațiile culturale strânse cu populația Sami mențin pacea în Finlanda. Pacea în această zonă este implementată prin cultură și educație. Voi descrie modul în care Finlanda este implicată în punerea în aplicare a programelor educaționale pentru Sami și modul în care aceasta are drept scop familiarizarea majorității finlandeze cu diverse aspecte ale tradițiilor culturale Sami. Mai mult decât atât, dialogul dintre cele două culturi joacă un rol important în eliminarea prejudecăților, care au stârnit conflicte de zeci de ani. Având în vedere că problema poporului kurd din Turcia nu este doar o problemă în interiorul granițelor, dar și o problemă internațională, voi evidenția modul în care aspirațiile kurzilor din Turcia au un impact asupra aspirațiilor minorităților transfrontaliere. Prin urmare, Turcia trebuie să adopte o abordare juridică liberală și ar trebui să pună accent pe liberalizarea politicii minoritare.


Keywords:Ankara, Kurds, Finland, Sami, international law, cross-border minority aspirations


News / Actualitati

Call for papers

Seventh annual international conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania. Good governance in Romania and the Nordic and Baltic countries

Nicolae Iorga Institute of History of the Romanian Academy, Romania
November 24-25, 2016

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Vol. 7, issue 2 of The Romanian Journal of Baltic and Nordic Studies has been published online. Please, access it free of charge here


Starting: in groups: from 1st to 13th of August. Individually courses are held all summer.
Duration of the course: The Course runs for 4-6 academic hours per day, with Language practice for 44 hours and Lithuanian history, literature and ethnology for 6 hours.
Languages of instruction: English, Russian, French, Italian, Lithuanian.
Place: in the center of Vilnius – Gediminas ave. 26.
Certification: students will receive a Lithuanian language Summer Course Certificate.
Separate groups for beginner, intermediate, and advanced students are planned.
During the courses various cultural program are planned: excursions in Lithuania, degustation of traditional Lithuanian dishes, ethno cultural events, visiting some museums, creative workshops with famous Lithuanian artists.
More information:…/lithuani…/intensyvus-vasaros-kursai-1/
Time: 1-12 of August, in groups. All summer indivual courses takes place.
Starting: in group on August 1-12. Individual courses are held all summer.
Duration: 20 acad. hours (10 days, 2 acad. hours per day).
Explaining languages: English, Russian, Lithuanian.
Place: Gediminas ave. 26, Vilnius.
Certificate: at the end of the course every participant will get the LINGUA LITUANICA certificate.
Classes take place in small groups.
On Saturdays it is possible to go to excursions with parents.
More information:…/lithuanian-language…/kursai-vaikams-1/
Registration to the courses: you can register to the courses by the internet, email: or directly coming to the institute Gediminas ave. 26, Vilnius.

7 octombrie 2015

A aparut Norsk-Rumensk ordbok. Dictionar norvegian-roman, vol. 1, autori Arno Halvorsen si Crina Leon. Acesta poate fi consultat la biblioteca online a Asociatiei Romane pentru Studii Baltice si Nordice.

Dictionar norvegian roman vol 1