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Marta Grzechnik

University of Greifswald, E-Mail:



This paper has been presented at the Fourth International Conference on Nordic and Baltic Studies „Empire-building and Region-building in the Baltic, North and Black Sea Areas”, in Constanta, Romania, May 24-26, 2013. Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway (Finantat prin fonduri donate de Islanda, Liechtenstein si Norvegia)



The aim of the paper is to examine and compare how the Baltic Sea on the one hand and the Black and Aegean Seas on the other were conceptualized in the Polish scholarly and political discourse in the interwar period, and how mental maps of Poland’s connection to both sea regions were constructed. Because of the direct access to Baltic Sea, the link to it was more straightforward, although it was constantly questioned by German revisionist scholarship. In the south there was no territorial connection to the seas – it was to be established on the political and economic level, for example through so-called Intermarium idea. An interesting question is also to what extent the discourses connected with the Baltic and the southern European seas fell within the same discourse of the ideology of the sea, and to what extent they were contradictory or mutually exclusive.



Scopul acestei lucrări este acela de a analiza ?i compara modul în care au fost conceptualizate în discursul ?tiin?ific ?i politic polonez din perioada interbelică Marea Baltică, pe de o parte, ?i Marea Neagră ?i Marea Egee, pe de altă parte, ?i cum au fost construite hăr?ile mentale ale legăturilor Poloniei cu cele două regiuni maritime. Datorita accesului direct la Marea Baltică, legătura a fost mai simplă, de?i a fost pusă în mod constant sub semnul întrebării de către scrierile revizioniste germane. În partea de sud nu a existat nici o legătură teritorială cu aceste mări - a trebuit să fie stabilită la nivel politic ?i economic, de exemplu, prin a?a-numita idee Intermarium. O întrebare interesantă este, de asemenea, în ce măsură discursurile legate de Marea Baltică ?i mările din sudul Europei s-au integrat aceluia?i discurs al ideologiei mării ?i în ce măsură au fost contradictorii sau s-au exclus reciproc.


Keywords: Poland; interwar; Baltic Sea region; Black Sea region; Intermarium; mental maps; Baltic Institute

06. Grzechnik.pdf

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Seventh annual international conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania. Good governance in Romania and the Nordic and Baltic countries

Nicolae Iorga Institute of History of the Romanian Academy, Romania
November 24-25, 2016

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Vol. 7, issue 2 of The Romanian Journal of Baltic and Nordic Studies has been published online. Please, access it free of charge here


Starting: in groups: from 1st to 13th of August. Individually courses are held all summer.
Duration of the course: The Course runs for 4-6 academic hours per day, with Language practice for 44 hours and Lithuanian history, literature and ethnology for 6 hours.
Languages of instruction: English, Russian, French, Italian, Lithuanian.
Place: in the center of Vilnius – Gediminas ave. 26.
Certification: students will receive a Lithuanian language Summer Course Certificate.
Separate groups for beginner, intermediate, and advanced students are planned.
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More information:…/lithuani…/intensyvus-vasaros-kursai-1/
Time: 1-12 of August, in groups. All summer indivual courses takes place.
Starting: in group on August 1-12. Individual courses are held all summer.
Duration: 20 acad. hours (10 days, 2 acad. hours per day).
Explaining languages: English, Russian, Lithuanian.
Place: Gediminas ave. 26, Vilnius.
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Classes take place in small groups.
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Registration to the courses: you can register to the courses by the internet, email: or directly coming to the institute Gediminas ave. 26, Vilnius.

7 octombrie 2015

A aparut Norsk-Rumensk ordbok. Dictionar norvegian-roman, vol. 1, autori Arno Halvorsen si Crina Leon. Acesta poate fi consultat la biblioteca online a Asociatiei Romane pentru Studii Baltice si Nordice.

Dictionar norvegian roman vol 1