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H

OW DID 22/7 SHAPE THE POLITICAL RHETORIC ON IMMIGRATION AND INTEGRATION IN NORWAY?

 

Nicoleta Carmen Olteanu

University of Bucharest, E-mail: nico.olteanu@gmail.com

 

Acknowledgements

This paper is based on the presentation made at the Fifth international conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania A piece of culture, a culture of peace, re-imaging European communities in the North Sea, Baltic Sea and Black Sea regions, hosted by Valahia University of Târgovişte and the Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies, August 17-19, 2014. Supported by EEA Grants, contract no 4/22.07.2014.

 

Abstract:

In Norway, a leading promoter of peace, the attack on the 22nd of July 2011 came as a shock, not merely because of its violence, but also due to the perpetrator’s motivation. According to him, multiculturalism undermined Norway and had to be stopped. The act did not only target the direct victims, but also some of Norway’s social and political traits. An open democracy and a multicultural society were then being placed under scrutiny. This paper thus focuses on the role of the attack within the subsequent political discourse on immigration and integration in the Norwegian context, discussing how it was shaped by the 22/7 events. Through Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) this paper identifies the circumstances under which the attack has been referred to (directly or indirectly), the manner in which the events have been portrayed at a political level, as well as the specific approaches of left-wing and right-wing parties and the influence of the attack on their rhetoric. The findings reveal that the event played a role in discourses regarding political, institutional or social issues. It has been portrayed as a violent attack, perpetrated by a lone, mentally ill person; who targeted innocent young people, but also as an act of terror, performed by a right-wing extremist, aimed at challenging the Norwegian state and society. While the major political parties maintained their ideological lines of discourse, the event seems to have moderated their rhetoric.

 

Rezumat:

În Norvegia, un lider în promovarea păcii, atacul din 22 iulie 2011 a reprezentat un ?oc; nu numai din cauza violen?ei sale, dar ?i a motiva?iei autorului. În viziunea sa, multiculturalismul compromitea Norvegia ?i trebuia să fie oprit. Acest eveniment nu a avut ca ?intă numai victimele directe, dar ?i structurile  politice ?i sociale ale Norvegiei. O democra?ie deschisă ?i o societate multiculturală erau puse sub semnul întrebării. Astfel, acest articol se concentrează asupra rolului acestui eveniment în formarea discursului politic ulterior privind imigra?ia ?i integrarea în context norvegian. Utilizând analiza critică de discurs, acest articol identifică circumstan?ele în care s-a făcut referire la evenimente (direct sau indirect), modul în care evenimentele au fost reprezentate la nivel politic; precum ?i abordările partidelor politice de stânga ?i de dreapta ?i influen?a atacurilor asupra retoricii lor. După cum arată rezultatele, evenimentul a jucat un rol în discursul privitor la aspectele politice, institu?ionale sau sociale. A fost reprezentat ca un atac violent, comis de către o persoană iresponsabilă, care a vizat uciderea unor tineri nevinova?i, dar ?i ca un act terorist, întreprins de către un extremist de dreapta, cu scopul de a arunca mănu?a statului ?i societă?ii norvegiene. De?i principalele partide politice î?i păstrează elementele ideologice ale retoricii lor, aceasta pare să fi fost moderată prin prisma evenimentelor din Iulie 2011.

 

Keywords:22/7, political rhetoric, immigration, integration, multiculturalism


16.Olteanu.pdf

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