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Authors

 

FROM “ALLIES WITHOUT ALLIANCE” TO CONCERTED ACTION: ROMANIA AND FINLAND IN THE AFTERMATH OF THE OPERATION BARBAROSSA (1941) 

 

Silviu Miloiu

 

 

Valahia University of Targoviste, E-mail: silviumiloiu@valahia.ro

 

Abstract:

This study describes the relationship between two small and lesser states joining the German attack against Soviet Union in an attempt to recapture the territories lost to Soviet Union in 1940. It is conceived as an in-depth analysis of the Romanian-Finnish relations based on the criticism of archival sources discovered in the Romanian, Finnish and British archives. Becoming “allies without alliance” almost overnight, the relations between the two countries acknowledged a quick shift from low profile bonds to an agreement based on a combination of balance of power and joint action. The aim was to remove the threat Russia was posing to the two countries and to increase their influence at a peace conference to be open following the expected defeat of their big neighbour. Romania was the advocate of closer ties between the two countries keeping in line with its search for influence rather than autonomy in its foreign relations, while Finland was more prudent consistent with its choice for autonomy rather than influence.

 

Rezumat:

Acest studiu descrie relatiile dintre doua state mici si mijlocii care s-au alaturat atacului german împotriva Uniunii Sovietice într-o încercare de a-si recâstiga teritoriile pierdute în favoarea acestei mari puteri rasaritene vecine în anul 1940. Acesta este conceput ca o analiza în profunzime a relatiilor româno-finlandeze bazata pe utilizarea critica a surselor documentare descoperite în arhivele românesti, finlandeze si britanice. Devenite „aliati fara alianta” aproape peste noapte, relatiile dintre cele doua state au cunoscut o transformare rapida din legaturi cuo vizibilitate redusa la o întelegere axata pe o combinatie de balanta de putere si actiune comuna. Obiectivul era acela de a înlatura pericolul pe care Rusia îl reprezenta pentru cele doua tari si de a le spori influenta în cadrul unei conferinte de pace ce se astepta a fi deschisa ca o consecinta a înfrângerii prognozate a marelui lor vecin. România a fost avocatul unor legaturi mai strânse între cele doua state în conformitate cu linia sa de politica externa ce cauta sa-si sporeasca mai degraba influenta decât autonomia, în vreme ce Finlanda a fost mai prudenta în concordanta cu optiunea sa mai degraba pentru autonomie decât pentru influenta în plan extern.

 

Keywords: balance of power, joint decision, small and lesser powers, Romania, Finland, World War II


 09. Miloiu.pdf

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