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Finland’s Rapprochement to NATIONAL-SOCIALIST Germany as Reaction against Winter War

 

Kalervo Hovi

University of Turku, E-Mail: kalervo.hovi@gmail.com

 

Acknowledgments

This paper has been presented at the Fourth international conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania Empire-building and Region-building in the Baltic, North and Black sea areas hosted by the Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies and Ovidius University of Constanta, May 24-26, 2013.

 

Abstract:

The aim of this article is to analyse the reasons behind the Finnish co-belligerency with Germany in the Operation Barbarossa. The investigation reveals the main reasons and key moments which contributed to Finnish rapprochement with Nazi Germany following the Winter War when their relations reached the nadir. Therefore, the article looks at the attitude of Finnish, German and Soviet decision-makers following the Winter War and sets the Finnish decision within the frame of Finnish national interest as defined by its elites and not in an ideological choice of Totalitarian doctrine of National-Socialism. Ironically, after cooperating in the war against Soviet Union, Finland and Germany became open enemies after the Finnish armistice with Soviet Union was concluded.

 

Rezumat:

Scopul acestui articol este acela de a analiza ra?iunile care explică cobeligeran?a Finlandei cu Germania în cadrul Opera?iunii Barbarossa. Investiga?ia relevă principalele ra?iuni ?i momentele cheie care au contribuit la apropierea Finlandei de Germania Nazistă după ce în timpul Războiului de Iarnă rela?iile dintre cele două state ajunseseră la nadir. Prin urmare, articolul dezvăluie atitudinea factorilor de decizie finlandezi, germani ?i sovietici după încheierea Războiului Rece ?i plasează decizia finlandeză în cadrul interesului na?ional finlandez a?a cum a fost acesta definit de elitele finlandeze ?i nu ca pe o alegere ideologică în favoarea doctrinei totalitare a na?ional-socialismului. Este paradoxal faptul că după ce au colaborat în războiul împotriva Uniunii Sovietice, Finlanda ?i Germania au devenit state inamice în urma semnării armisti?iului dintre Helsinki ?i Moscova.

 

Keywords: Finland; Germany; Soviet Union; Winter War; Continuation War; Operation Barbarossa


07.Hovi.pdf

News / Actualitati

Call for papers

Seventh annual international conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania. Good governance in Romania and the Nordic and Baltic countries

Nicolae Iorga Institute of History of the Romanian Academy, Romania
November 24-25, 2016

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Vol. 7, issue 2 of The Romanian Journal of Baltic and Nordic Studies has been published online. Please, access it free of charge here


10.03.2016

INTENSIVE LITHUANIAN LANGUAGE SUMMER COURSE
Starting: in groups: from 1st to 13th of August. Individually courses are held all summer.
Duration of the course: The Course runs for 4-6 academic hours per day, with Language practice for 44 hours and Lithuanian history, literature and ethnology for 6 hours.
Languages of instruction: English, Russian, French, Italian, Lithuanian.
Place: in the center of Vilnius – Gediminas ave. 26.
Certification: students will receive a Lithuanian language Summer Course Certificate.
Separate groups for beginner, intermediate, and advanced students are planned.
During the courses various cultural program are planned: excursions in Lithuania, degustation of traditional Lithuanian dishes, ethno cultural events, visiting some museums, creative workshops with famous Lithuanian artists.
More information: http://lingualit.lt/…/lithuani…/intensyvus-vasaros-kursai-1/
LITHUANIAN LANGUAGE SUMMER COURSE FOR CHILDREN
Time: 1-12 of August, in groups. All summer indivual courses takes place.
Starting: in group on August 1-12. Individual courses are held all summer.
Duration: 20 acad. hours (10 days, 2 acad. hours per day).
Explaining languages: English, Russian, Lithuanian.
Place: Gediminas ave. 26, Vilnius.
Certificate: at the end of the course every participant will get the LINGUA LITUANICA certificate.
Classes take place in small groups.
On Saturdays it is possible to go to excursions with parents.
More information: http://lingualit.lt/…/lithuanian-language…/kursai-vaikams-1/
Registration to the courses: you can register to the courses by the internet, email: info@lingualit.lt or directly coming to the institute Gediminas ave. 26, Vilnius.

7 octombrie 2015

A aparut Norsk-Rumensk ordbok. Dictionar norvegian-roman, vol. 1, autori Arno Halvorsen si Crina Leon. Acesta poate fi consultat la biblioteca online a Asociatiei Romane pentru Studii Baltice si Nordice.

Dictionar norvegian roman vol 1