UROPEAN REGIONAL INTEGRATION IN THE DRAFTING OF THE EASTERN PACT IN 1934–1935: INTERESTS OF THE BALTIC ENTENTE AND THE LITTLE ENTENTE
Vilnius University, E-Mail: Dalia.Bukeleviciute@if.vu.lt
This paper has been presented at the Fourth international conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania Empire-building and Region-building in the Baltic, North and Black sea areas hosted by the Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies and Ovidius University of Constanta, May 24-26, 2013.
This article follows the interests and actions of the countries of Baltic and Little ententes with regard to the projected Eastern Pact, which raised marked interest in East-Central Europe in 1934-1935. It seeks to give an answer to the question whether the negotiations over the Eastern Pact brought the interests of the Baltic states closer to those of the Little Entente. It highlights that the progress of negotiations made it clear that each country was more concerned with its security than the common security of the entire bloc, even though both the Little Entente and the Baltic Entente were established for the sake of safeguarding security of their member states and harmonising their foreign policy in this respect. Both regional security bodies declared their agreement to the Eastern Pact but the key difference was that the Baltic Entente was expected to participate in the Eastern Pact directly, whereas only Czechoslovakia was singled out from among the members of the Little Entente. The analysis concludes that Lithuania and Czechoslovakia were the two countries which were most actively concerned with the conclusion of the Eastern Pact.
Articolul urmăre?te interesele ?i ac?iunile ?ărilor membre ale Antantei Baltice ?i ale Micii Antante cu privire la proiectul Pactului Oriental, proiect care s-a bucurat de un mare interes în Europa Central-Răsăriteană în anii 1934-1935. Acesta caută să dea răspuns întrebării dacă negocierile cu privire la Pactul Oriental au apropiat interesele statelor baltice de cele ale statelor Micii Antante. Este subliniat faptul că desfă?urarea negocierilor a vădit faptul că fiecare dintre ?ări era mai interesată de securitatea sa decât de aceea comună a întregului bloc, de?i atât Mica Antantă cât ?i Antanta Baltică fuseseră concepute pentru salfgardarea securită?ii statelor membre ?i armonizarea politicii lor externe în acest scop. Ambele structuri de securitate regională ?i-au declarat acordul fa?ă de Pactul Oriental, cu diferen?a fundamentală că Antanta Baltică era de a?teptat să participe direct la Pactul Oriental, în vreme ce dintre membrii Micii În?elegeri doar Cehoslovacia urma să facă acest lucru. Analiza de fa?ă conchide că Lituania ?i Cehoslovacia au fost cele două state cele mai interesate de finalizarea cu succes a negocierilor pentru semnarea Pactului Oriental.
Keywords: Oriental Pact; Little Entente; Baltic Entente; Czechoslovakia; Lithuania; regional security; collective security
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Vol. 7, issue 2 of The Romanian Journal of Baltic and Nordic Studies has been published online. Please, access it free of charge here
INTENSIVE LITHUANIAN LANGUAGE SUMMER COURSE
Starting: in groups: from 1st to 13th of August. Individually courses are held all summer.
Duration of the course: The Course runs for 4-6 academic hours per day, with Language practice for 44 hours and Lithuanian history, literature and ethnology for 6 hours.
Languages of instruction: English, Russian, French, Italian, Lithuanian.
Place: in the center of Vilnius – Gediminas ave. 26.
Certification: students will receive a Lithuanian language Summer Course Certificate.
Separate groups for beginner, intermediate, and advanced students are planned.
During the courses various cultural program are planned: excursions in Lithuania, degustation of traditional Lithuanian dishes, ethno cultural events, visiting some museums, creative workshops with famous Lithuanian artists.
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LITHUANIAN LANGUAGE SUMMER COURSE FOR CHILDREN
Time: 1-12 of August, in groups. All summer indivual courses takes place.
Starting: in group on August 1-12. Individual courses are held all summer.
Duration: 20 acad. hours (10 days, 2 acad. hours per day).
Explaining languages: English, Russian, Lithuanian.
Place: Gediminas ave. 26, Vilnius.
Certificate: at the end of the course every participant will get the LINGUA LITUANICA certificate.
Classes take place in small groups.
On Saturdays it is possible to go to excursions with parents.
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Registration to the courses: you can register to the courses by the internet, email: email@example.com or directly coming to the institute Gediminas ave. 26, Vilnius.
7 octombrie 2015
A aparut Norsk-Rumensk ordbok. Dictionar norvegian-roman, vol. 1, autori Arno Halvorsen si Crina Leon. Acesta poate fi consultat la biblioteca online a Asociatiei Romane pentru Studii Baltice si Nordice.
Dictionar norvegian roman vol 1