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Mihaela Mehedinţi

Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, E-mail:



This paper has been presented at the Fourth International Conference on Nordic and Baltic Studies „Empire-building and Region-building in the Baltic, North and Black Sea Areas”, in Constanta, Romania, May 24-26, 2013.



Building large political structures was always closely connected with a fragile balance between military conflicts and peace. Thus, especially in the modern period, diplomats played an extremely important role in managing crisis situations and/or maintaining the status quo. Moreover, they represented the most visible facet of interstate relationships.

During the 17th – 19th centuries, Europe’s tumultuous history, characterised by frequent wars, many of which against the Ottoman Empire, gave the diplomats’ services an inestimable value. In this context, Transylvania, Moldavia and Wallachia usually represented only intermediary points on the route towards the diplomats’ final destination, namely the Turks’ Empire.

The present study aims at revealing the multiple forms of interaction between the Nordic (chiefly Swedish) and Russian diplomats, on the one hand, and the Romanian rulers, on the other hand. In order to achieve this goal, general historical information was intertwined with numerous testimonies pertaining to this special category of foreign travellers, the result being a picturesque depiction of certain typicalities of the diplomatic ceremonial.



Realizarea de structuri politice mari a fost întotdeauna strâns legată de un echilibru fragil între conflictele militare ?i pace. Astfel, mai ales în perioada modernă, ??diploma?ii au jucat un rol extrem de important în gestionarea situa?iilor de criză ?i / sau men?inerea status quo-ului. Mai mult decât atât, ei au reprezentat fa?eta cea mai vizibilă a rela?iilor interstatale.

Pe parcursul secolelor al XVII-lea – al XIX-lea, istoria tumultoasă a Europei, caracterizată prin războaie frecvente, dintre care multe împotriva Imperiului Otoman, a conferit serviciilor făcute de diploma?i o valoare inestimabilă. În acest context, Transilvania, Moldova ?i ?ara Românească au reprezentat, de obicei, doar puncte intermediare pe traseul spre destina?ia finală a diploma?ilor, ?i anume Imperiul Otoman.

Studiul de fa?ă î?i propune să dezvăluie formele multiple de interac?iune dintre diploma?ii nordici (mai ales suedezi) ?i ru?i, pe de o parte, ?i domnitorii români, pe de altă parte. Pentru a atinge acest obiectiv, informa?ii generale de istorie au fost intercorelate cu numeroase mărturii referitoare la această categorie specială de călători străini, rezultatul fiind o descriere pitorească a anumitor tipicuri ale ceremonialului diplomatic.


Keywords: diplomacy, Nordic countries, Russia, Romanian Principalities, 17th-19th centuries

09. Mehedinti.pdf

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Seventh annual international conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania. Good governance in Romania and the Nordic and Baltic countries

Nicolae Iorga Institute of History of the Romanian Academy, Romania
November 24-25, 2016

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Vol. 7, issue 2 of The Romanian Journal of Baltic and Nordic Studies has been published online. Please, access it free of charge here


Starting: in groups: from 1st to 13th of August. Individually courses are held all summer.
Duration of the course: The Course runs for 4-6 academic hours per day, with Language practice for 44 hours and Lithuanian history, literature and ethnology for 6 hours.
Languages of instruction: English, Russian, French, Italian, Lithuanian.
Place: in the center of Vilnius – Gediminas ave. 26.
Certification: students will receive a Lithuanian language Summer Course Certificate.
Separate groups for beginner, intermediate, and advanced students are planned.
During the courses various cultural program are planned: excursions in Lithuania, degustation of traditional Lithuanian dishes, ethno cultural events, visiting some museums, creative workshops with famous Lithuanian artists.
More information:…/lithuani…/intensyvus-vasaros-kursai-1/
Time: 1-12 of August, in groups. All summer indivual courses takes place.
Starting: in group on August 1-12. Individual courses are held all summer.
Duration: 20 acad. hours (10 days, 2 acad. hours per day).
Explaining languages: English, Russian, Lithuanian.
Place: Gediminas ave. 26, Vilnius.
Certificate: at the end of the course every participant will get the LINGUA LITUANICA certificate.
Classes take place in small groups.
On Saturdays it is possible to go to excursions with parents.
More information:…/lithuanian-language…/kursai-vaikams-1/
Registration to the courses: you can register to the courses by the internet, email: or directly coming to the institute Gediminas ave. 26, Vilnius.

7 octombrie 2015

A aparut Norsk-Rumensk ordbok. Dictionar norvegian-roman, vol. 1, autori Arno Halvorsen si Crina Leon. Acesta poate fi consultat la biblioteca online a Asociatiei Romane pentru Studii Baltice si Nordice.

Dictionar norvegian roman vol 1