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DEVELOPMENT CHARACTERISTICS OF INTERWAR EUROPEAN PERIPHERY: THE CASES OF ROMANIA AND LITHUANIA’S AGRICULTURE
University of Helsinki, Aleksanteri Institute - Finnish Centre for Russian and Eastern European Studies, E-mail: email@example.com
This paper has been presented at the First International Conference on Nordic and Baltic Studies in Romania:Romania and Lithuania in the Interwar International Relations: Bonds, Intersections and Encounters hosted by the Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies, Târgoviste, May 19-21, 2010.
In economic terms, the interwar European periphery was limited to underdeveloped, poor, and non-industrialized states. According to this definition, both Romania and Lithuania belonged between the two world wars to the periphery of the continent. The two countries approached the economic problem using similar instruments: radical agrarian reform, stress on exports, industrialization. Despite the industrial developments that Romania and Lithuania witnessed during the interwar years, they remained, throughout the period, essentially agrarian economies. Although both states had to start from a very under-developed agriculture that shared many similarities,Lithuania’s interwar agriculture was eventually considered ‘one of the most efficient in Eastern Europe’, while Romania’s remained highly ‘inefficient and peasant’. Using the comparative historical analysis method and a similar-systems approach, this paper compares their problems, evaluates steps taken towards their solutions and reveals the different outcomes.
Periferia europeana interbelica a fost limitata, din punct de vedere economic, la statele subdezvoltate, sarace si neindustrializate. Conform acestei definitii, atât România, cât si Lituania, în perioada interbelica, au apartinut periferiei Europei. Afectate de probleme economice similare, cele doua state au raspuns cu masuri similare: reforme agrare radicale, atentie deosebita acordata exporturilor, industrializare. În ciuda dezvoltarii industriale pe care au experimentat-o atât România, cât si Lituania, în perioada dintre cele doua razboaie mondiale, amândoua au ramas state cu economii preponderent agrare. Masurile luate în domeniul dezvoltarii agriculturii în aceste doua state au avut însa rezultate semnificativ diferite. Spre sfârsitul perioadei interbelice, agricultura Lituaniei era caracterizata drept „una dintre cele mai eficiente din Europa de Est”, în vreme ce agricultura României a ramas „ineficienta si taraneasca”. Folosind metoda analizei istorice comparative, acest studiu compara, evalueaza si analizeaza evolutia agriculturilor României interbelice si Lituaniei interbelice, cu scopul identificarii acelor variabile care explica esecul celei dintâi si succesul, chiar daca „succesul relativ”, al celei din urma.
Keywords: interwar, Romania, Lithuania, agriculture, development, comparison
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Seventh annual international conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania. Good governance in Romania and the Nordic and Baltic countries
Nicolae Iorga Institute of History of the Romanian Academy, Romania
November 24-25, 2016
Vol. 7, issue 2 of The Romanian Journal of Baltic and Nordic Studies has been published online. Please, access it free of charge here
INTENSIVE LITHUANIAN LANGUAGE SUMMER COURSE
Starting: in groups: from 1st to 13th of August. Individually courses are held all summer.
Duration of the course: The Course runs for 4-6 academic hours per day, with Language practice for 44 hours and Lithuanian history, literature and ethnology for 6 hours.
Languages of instruction: English, Russian, French, Italian, Lithuanian.
Place: in the center of Vilnius – Gediminas ave. 26.
Certification: students will receive a Lithuanian language Summer Course Certificate.
Separate groups for beginner, intermediate, and advanced students are planned.
During the courses various cultural program are planned: excursions in Lithuania, degustation of traditional Lithuanian dishes, ethno cultural events, visiting some museums, creative workshops with famous Lithuanian artists.
More information: http://lingualit.lt/…/lithuani…/intensyvus-vasaros-kursai-1/
LITHUANIAN LANGUAGE SUMMER COURSE FOR CHILDREN
Time: 1-12 of August, in groups. All summer indivual courses takes place.
Starting: in group on August 1-12. Individual courses are held all summer.
Duration: 20 acad. hours (10 days, 2 acad. hours per day).
Explaining languages: English, Russian, Lithuanian.
Place: Gediminas ave. 26, Vilnius.
Certificate: at the end of the course every participant will get the LINGUA LITUANICA certificate.
Classes take place in small groups.
On Saturdays it is possible to go to excursions with parents.
More information: http://lingualit.lt/…/lithuanian-language…/kursai-vaikams-1/
Registration to the courses: you can register to the courses by the internet, email: firstname.lastname@example.org or directly coming to the institute Gediminas ave. 26, Vilnius.
7 octombrie 2015
A aparut Norsk-Rumensk ordbok. Dictionar norvegian-roman, vol. 1, autori Arno Halvorsen si Crina Leon. Acesta poate fi consultat la biblioteca online a Asociatiei Romane pentru Studii Baltice si Nordice.
Dictionar norvegian roman vol 1