ANISH STRAITS VERSUS TURKISH STRAITS: THE POTENTIAL IMPACT OF PROSPECTIVE RUSSIAN OIL EXPORTS
Mehmet Efe Biresselioglu
Izmir University of Economics, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Muhittin Hakan Demir
Izmir University of Economics, E-mail: email@example.com
Izmir University of Economics, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
This paper is based on the presentation made at the Fifth international conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania A piece of culture, a culture of peace, re-imaging European communities in the North Sea, Baltic Sea and Black Sea regions, hosted by Valahia University of Târgovişte and the Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies, August 17-19, 2014. Supported by EEA Grants, contract no 4/22.07.2014.
The Danish Straits, which connect Baltic Sea to North Sea as an oil transit choke point, are becoming vastly important as a gateway to Europe for Russian oil exports. In terms of the future source of Russian oil, the country is estimated to hold half of the total Arctic resources. This indicates the forthcoming increase in the importance of Danish Straits in the global energy security. Besides, two additional alternative and important choke points are located in Turkey, which are the Straits of Bosporus and Dardanelles, known as Turkish Straits. These straits are also one of the significant exit points of Russian oil exports but as Russia shifted its direction of oil exports toward Baltic ports, the strategic position of Turkish Straits have been affected from this transition as well. It is an open question whether the Turkish Straits will continue to be the outlet of Russian oil exports or the Danish Straits will take over that position in line with the oil resources development in the Arctic Region. This study aims to analyse the Turkish and Danish Straits and establish their significance in terms of energy security. The current and future oil export strategies of Russia on the existing chokepoints are also discussed, with special emphasis on the potential impacts of Arctic development as Russia continues with the exploration and extraction of Arctic oil resources.
Strâmtorile daneze, care leagă Marea Baltică de Marea Nordului ca un punct de tranzit petrolier, devin extrem de importante ca poartă de intrare în Europa a exporturilor ruse?ti de petrol. În ceea ce prive?te sursele viitoare de petrol rusesc, se estimează că ?ara de?ine jumătate din resursele arctice totale. Aceasta indică cre?terea viitoare a importan?ei strâmtorilor daneze în ceea ce prive?te securitatea energetică globală. În plus, două puncte nodale alternative importante sunt amplasate în Turcia, fiind vorba de strâmtorile Bosfor ?i Dardanele. Aceste strâmtori reprezintă, de asemenea, debu?ee importante pentru exporturile ruse?ti de petrol, dar cum Rusia a schimbat direc?ia exporturilor sale de petrol către porturile baltice, pozi?ia strategică a strâmtorilor turce?ti a fost ?i ea afectată. Rămâne deschisă întrebarea dacă strâmtorile turce?ti vor continua să fie o cale de ie?ire a exporturilor ruse?ti de petrol sau strâmtorile daneze vor prelua această pozi?ie ca o consecin?ă a evolu?iei resurselor de petrol din regiunea arctică. Studiul de fa?ă dore?te să analizeze strâmtorile turce?ti ?i daneze ?i să stabilească semnifica?ia acestora în termeni de securitate energetică. Strategiile actuale ?i viitoare de export de petrol ale Rusiei prin punctele de tranzit existente sunt discutate, de asemenea, o aten?ie sporită fiind acordată impactului poten?ial al evolu?iilor arctice, de vreme ce Rusia continuă explorarea ?i extrac?ia resurselor de petrol arctice.
Keywords:Energy security, chokepoints, Turkish Straits, Danish Straits, Russia, Arctic Region, oil
News / Actualitati
Call for papers
Seventh annual international conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania. Good governance in Romania and the Nordic and Baltic countries
Nicolae Iorga Institute of History of the Romanian Academy, Romania
November 24-25, 2016
Vol. 7, issue 2 of The Romanian Journal of Baltic and Nordic Studies has been published online. Please, access it free of charge here
INTENSIVE LITHUANIAN LANGUAGE SUMMER COURSE
Starting: in groups: from 1st to 13th of August. Individually courses are held all summer.
Duration of the course: The Course runs for 4-6 academic hours per day, with Language practice for 44 hours and Lithuanian history, literature and ethnology for 6 hours.
Languages of instruction: English, Russian, French, Italian, Lithuanian.
Place: in the center of Vilnius – Gediminas ave. 26.
Certification: students will receive a Lithuanian language Summer Course Certificate.
Separate groups for beginner, intermediate, and advanced students are planned.
During the courses various cultural program are planned: excursions in Lithuania, degustation of traditional Lithuanian dishes, ethno cultural events, visiting some museums, creative workshops with famous Lithuanian artists.
More information: http://lingualit.lt/…/lithuani…/intensyvus-vasaros-kursai-1/
LITHUANIAN LANGUAGE SUMMER COURSE FOR CHILDREN
Time: 1-12 of August, in groups. All summer indivual courses takes place.
Starting: in group on August 1-12. Individual courses are held all summer.
Duration: 20 acad. hours (10 days, 2 acad. hours per day).
Explaining languages: English, Russian, Lithuanian.
Place: Gediminas ave. 26, Vilnius.
Certificate: at the end of the course every participant will get the LINGUA LITUANICA certificate.
Classes take place in small groups.
On Saturdays it is possible to go to excursions with parents.
More information: http://lingualit.lt/…/lithuanian-language…/kursai-vaikams-1/
Registration to the courses: you can register to the courses by the internet, email: email@example.com or directly coming to the institute Gediminas ave. 26, Vilnius.
7 octombrie 2015
A aparut Norsk-Rumensk ordbok. Dictionar norvegian-roman, vol. 1, autori Arno Halvorsen si Crina Leon. Acesta poate fi consultat la biblioteca online a Asociatiei Romane pentru Studii Baltice si Nordice.
Dictionar norvegian roman vol 1