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Table of contents
The Varangian guard and its contribution to the manifestation of the imperial power in Byzantium
Instances of kingship in Sverris saga
The entry of the boyars
Approaching the past: a tangled interplay of memory, political choices and historical science
My file
Between truth and memory images in Lithuanian historical documentaries in post-communist transformation period
Questions of transnational cinema: the Baltic case from culture to branding
World War II in Baltic and Nordic social media
Reading the facades. Architexture of Kaliningrad city
The Baltic Sea and the Black Sea: security challenges and vulnerabilities after the Cold War
Representations of suppressed indigenous cultural memories
Women in the Latvian War of Independence 1918 - 1920





Jardar Seim

The Norwegian Historical Association, Email:




This paper was presented at the Sixth international conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania, Historical memory, the politics of memory and cultural identity: Romania, Scandinavia and the Baltic Sea Region in comparison, hosted by the Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies, Faculty of History and Political Sciences of Ovidius University of Constan?a and International Summer School of The University of Oslo, Norway, May 22-23, 2015. Supported by a grant from Iceland, Lichtenstein and Norway, The EEA Fund for Bilateral Relations, contract no. 910/20.03.2015.




A discussion of topics connected with “historical memory” and “politics of memory” presupposes that we consider how and why we are approaching the past. In this paper I shall point to some ways the past is being approached by individuals, social groups and political authorities – and some reasons for such approaches. But I shall also consider the opposite choice, that of not wanting to get closer to the past, preferring instead to keep a safe distance or even to ignore it, at least painful parts of it. Memories in different forms are important in our approaches to the past. The same is true for scientific history. The interplay between memory and historical science is complicated in itself. The existence of political guidance or explicit political provisions concerning the past makes it even more complicated to understand how our relations with the past are shaped and what their functions are in a given society. In my opinion, it is impossible to generalize about such problems. But comparisons may be fruitful, for instance presentations of wars in school textbooks from different countries, or how succeeding political regimes in one country try to charge the urban landscape with a new (or old) political meaning that legitimizes the present regime or demonize another one, by changing street names, erecting or destroying monuments etc. National anthems are another field that is suited for meaningful comparisons. And even communal or personal memories that are studied without a comparison or generalization in mind may provide ideas and perspectives for dealing with quite different memories under other political conditions. Finally, the role of the presumed scientific historian ought to be examined a little. Is he or she just a rational and neutral judge of the past – compared to ordinary people with undocumented and emotional memories, or to politicians with ideological motives for approaching the past?



O discuție referitoare la subiecte legate de „memoria istoric㔠și „politicile memoriei” presupune luarea în considerare a cum și de ce abordăm trecutul. În această lucrare voi arăta câteva modalități în care trecutul este abordat de persoane, grupuri sociale și autorități politice - și câteva motive pentru astfel de abordări. Dar voi lua în considerare și varianta contrară, aceea de a nu dori apropierea de trecut, preferând în schimb păstrarea unei distanțe de siguranță, sau chiar ignorarea acestuia, cel puțin a unor momente dureroase ale lui. Memoriile în diferite forme sunt importante în abordările noastre vizavi de trecut. Același lucru este valabil pentru istoria științifică. Interacțiunea dintre memorie și știința istorică este complicată în sine. Existența unei îndrumări politice sau a unor prevederi politice explicite referitoare la trecut face și mai complicată înțelegerea modului în care sunt modelate relațiile noastre cu trecutul și a funcțiilor lor într-o anumită societate. În opinia mea, este imposibilă generalizarea unor astfel de probleme. Dar comparațiile pot fi prolifice, de pildă prezentarea războaielor în manualele școlare din diverse țări sau a modului în care regimurile politice succesive dintr-o țară încearcă să schimbe peisajul urban cu un înțeles politic nou (sau vechi), care legitimează regimul actual sau demonizează un altul, prin schimbarea numelor de străzi, ridicarea  sau distrugerea de monumente etc. Imnurile naționale sunt un alt domeniu potrivit pentru comparații semnificative. Chiar memorii colective sau personale care sunt studiate fără a avea în minte o comparație sau o generalizare pot furniza idei și perspective pentru a trata memorii destul de diferite în alte circumstanțe politice. În cele din urmă, ar trebui să fie examinat puțin rolul presupusului istoric științific. Este el sau ea doar un judecător rațional și neutru al trecutului - comparat cu oamenii obișnuiți cu amintiri nedocumentate și emoționale sau cu politicienii cu rațiuni ideologice de abordare a trecutului?


Keywords: Scandinavia; Romania; Baltic countries; memory; history; comparison

07. Seim.pdf

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Seventh annual international conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania. Good governance in Romania and the Nordic and Baltic countries

Nicolae Iorga Institute of History of the Romanian Academy, Romania
November 24-25, 2016

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Vol. 7, issue 2 of The Romanian Journal of Baltic and Nordic Studies has been published online. Please, access it free of charge here


Starting: in groups: from 1st to 13th of August. Individually courses are held all summer.
Duration of the course: The Course runs for 4-6 academic hours per day, with Language practice for 44 hours and Lithuanian history, literature and ethnology for 6 hours.
Languages of instruction: English, Russian, French, Italian, Lithuanian.
Place: in the center of Vilnius – Gediminas ave. 26.
Certification: students will receive a Lithuanian language Summer Course Certificate.
Separate groups for beginner, intermediate, and advanced students are planned.
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More information:…/lithuani…/intensyvus-vasaros-kursai-1/
Time: 1-12 of August, in groups. All summer indivual courses takes place.
Starting: in group on August 1-12. Individual courses are held all summer.
Duration: 20 acad. hours (10 days, 2 acad. hours per day).
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Place: Gediminas ave. 26, Vilnius.
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7 octombrie 2015

A aparut Norsk-Rumensk ordbok. Dictionar norvegian-roman, vol. 1, autori Arno Halvorsen si Crina Leon. Acesta poate fi consultat la biblioteca online a Asociatiei Romane pentru Studii Baltice si Nordice.

Dictionar norvegian roman vol 1