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Volume 7, Issue 2 (2015)




Ádám Németh, Guntis Šolks



Ádám, Németh: University of Pécs, Institute of Geography, Dept. of Human Geography and Urban Studies/Hungary, E-mail:

Guntis, Šolks: University of Latvia, Faculty of Geography and Earth Sciences / Latvia, E-mail:



This paper has been presented at the Third International Conference on Nordic and Baltic Studies: European networks: the Balkans, Scandinavia and the Baltic world in a time of economic and ideological crisis hosted by the Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies, Târgoviste, May 25-27, 2012.



It is a well-known fact that the Baltic area is traditionally one of the most diverse regions of Europe in terms of ethnic concerns; we can observe in many settlements that four or even five religions have their own churches, cemeteries and at least as many ethnic groups are having their schools etc. Regarding geography literature, no generally accepted method has been applied yet to measure the population’s diversity and spatial segregation; in most cases only the number and ratio of ethnic groups were described.This research paper proposes a different approach: the adaptation of the so-called Simpson’s Diversity Index, based on probability theory and originally used by ecologists to measure biodiversity, to human geography.The study seeks the answers to: where, when, why and how has the Ethnic Diversity and Ethnic Segregation Index changed in Latvia during the first and second independence periods? What kind of spatial patterns are possible to observe on the basis of the transformation? The enormous data is processed by modern GIS software products and projected on thematic maps.




Este binecunoscut faptul ca arealul Baltic reprezinta în mod tradi?ional una dintre cele mai diverse regiuni ale Europei în materie de provocari etnice; putem observa în numeroase a?ezari ca nu mai pu?in de patru sau chiar cinci religii î?i au propriile biserici, cimitire ?i cel pu?in tot atâtea grupuri etnice au propriile ?coli etc. În ceea ce prive?te literatura ?tiin?ifica geografica, nu s-a reu?it înca aplicarea unei metode general acceptate capabile sa masoare diversitatea popula?iei ?i segregarea spa?iala; în cele mai multe cazuri sunt descrise doar numarul ?i propor?ia minorita?ilor etnice. Aceasta lucrare ?tiin?ificaî?i propune o abordare diferita: adaptarea a?a-numitului Indice Simpson al Diversita?ii – bazat pe teoria probabilita?ii ?i folosit ini?ial de ecologi?ti pentru a masura biodiversitatea la domeniul geografiei umane. Studiul cauta un raspuns la întrebarile unde, când, de ce ?i cum s-a schimbat Indicele Diversita?ii ?i Segregarii Etnice în Letonia în timpul primei ?i al celei de-a doua perioade a independen?ei? Ce fel de trasaturi spa?iale sunt posibile a fi observate pe baza acestei transformari? Datele foarte bogate sunt procesare prin produse software GIS moderne ?i proiectate pe mape tematice.


Keywords: Latvia, ethnic, diversity, segregation, isolation, 20th century


News / Actualitati

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Seventh annual international conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania. Good governance in Romania and the Nordic and Baltic countries

Nicolae Iorga Institute of History of the Romanian Academy, Romania
November 24-25, 2016

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Vol. 7, issue 2 of The Romanian Journal of Baltic and Nordic Studies has been published online. Please, access it free of charge here


Starting: in groups: from 1st to 13th of August. Individually courses are held all summer.
Duration of the course: The Course runs for 4-6 academic hours per day, with Language practice for 44 hours and Lithuanian history, literature and ethnology for 6 hours.
Languages of instruction: English, Russian, French, Italian, Lithuanian.
Place: in the center of Vilnius – Gediminas ave. 26.
Certification: students will receive a Lithuanian language Summer Course Certificate.
Separate groups for beginner, intermediate, and advanced students are planned.
During the courses various cultural program are planned: excursions in Lithuania, degustation of traditional Lithuanian dishes, ethno cultural events, visiting some museums, creative workshops with famous Lithuanian artists.
More information:…/lithuani…/intensyvus-vasaros-kursai-1/
Time: 1-12 of August, in groups. All summer indivual courses takes place.
Starting: in group on August 1-12. Individual courses are held all summer.
Duration: 20 acad. hours (10 days, 2 acad. hours per day).
Explaining languages: English, Russian, Lithuanian.
Place: Gediminas ave. 26, Vilnius.
Certificate: at the end of the course every participant will get the LINGUA LITUANICA certificate.
Classes take place in small groups.
On Saturdays it is possible to go to excursions with parents.
More information:…/lithuanian-language…/kursai-vaikams-1/
Registration to the courses: you can register to the courses by the internet, email: or directly coming to the institute Gediminas ave. 26, Vilnius.

7 octombrie 2015

A aparut Norsk-Rumensk ordbok. Dictionar norvegian-roman, vol. 1, autori Arno Halvorsen si Crina Leon. Acesta poate fi consultat la biblioteca online a Asociatiei Romane pentru Studii Baltice si Nordice.

Dictionar norvegian roman vol 1